Author: Education

Hand-out 1: Paul Tiulana

Paul Tiulana, an Inupiat (formerly called Eskimo) was born in 1921 on Ooq-Vok Island (also called King Island) in the Bering Sea off the Alaskan Coast. His story was written by a biographer, Vivian Senungetuk, who edited his original words only slightly. Note: Many different groups of indigenous (native) people live in the circumpolar (Arctic) […]


Arctic Peoples – Action! One of the defining characteristics of Inuit is a strong sense of community. For thousands of years Inuit people relied on cooperation to survive in one of the harshest environments on earth. That sense of cooperation continues today as Inuit across the Arctic work to share their knowledge and experience on […]

More Resources

Arctic Peoples – More Resources Unikkaaqatigiit: Putting the human face on climate change—Perspectives from Inuit in Canada, a 129-page book from Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, the National Inuit Organization, chronicles Native Inuit observations of climate change collected from across the Arctic. Concept maps and other visuals make the information accessible to learners as young as middle […]

Discussion Starters

Arctic Peoples – Discussion Starters Teachers: Use the following information to spark discussion in your classroom. Familiarize students with the events, people and organizations in the following paragraphs and then encourage students to discuss their opinions and reactions. At the bottom of this page are several example questions and suggested areas for discussion. Remind your […]

Lesson Plan – Arctic Animals

Arctic Peoples – Lesson Plan Central question: How has climate shaped the past, present and future of Arctic communities? Objectives: Students will explain how Arctic peoples’ lives have been shaped by climate. Students will describe how current changes in climate are impacting Arctic peoples. Students will predict how Arctic communities may be impacted by future […]

Arctic Peoples: Overview

Discussion Starters Lesson Plans Action! More Resources Adventure Learning Arctic Peoples: Handouts Hand-out 1: Paul Tiulana Hand-out 2: Inuit of Pangnirtung, Baffin Island Hand-out 3: Native Arctic peoples’ observations For the last four thousand years Inuit have been living in the extreme conditions of the High Arctic. The first people came to Ellesmere Island to […]